Machu Picchu and its climate
To the wonder of the world, Machu Picchu, many of the people who travel do it for the only time and therefore seek that this trip is the best and that it is in a good environment or climate.
Knowing that Machu Picchu means old mountain in Quechua, it is a stone city, built by the Incas around the 15th century. The Inca city is surrounded by temples, platforms and water channels, built on top of a mountain and its construction was built with large blocks of stone joined together, without the use of amalgam. It is located 130 km from the Imperial City of Cusco and since the explorer Hiram Bingham made it known to the world in 1911, he has received many titles and recognitions.
Machu Picchu is considered at the same time a masterpiece of architecture and engineering, its peculiar architectural and landscape features, and the veil of mystery that has woven around it much of the literature published on the site, have become one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.
Machu Picchu is on the list of Unesco World Heritage Sites since 1983, as part of a whole cultural and ecological group known under the name «Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu»
To know which is the season that has the best climate to visit Machu Picchu, it will be necessary to know many complementary data, for example: the Inca city is located at 2,400 m.s. It is located in a sub-tropical zone, located between the Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu mountains, protected by the snowy Salkantay to the south and the Verónica to the north, having a warm and humid climate.
This rugged and unusual geography gives the Inca city of Machu Picchu a very unique climate, fresh and warm, with sunny and rainy days, all depending on the time you decide to travel; all this climatic variation makes the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu a wonderful place, with an enormous biodiversity, that inhabits one of the richest ecosystems in the world.
Two stations are presented:
- The rainy season that goes from October to March, the climate is very temperate with temperatures between 8 ° and 22 ° C, the rains are copious in this season and during this time there is the greatest amount of rain of the year, The month that receives the most rains is February, that is why the Inca Trail closes during this month.
But in spite of the continuous rains, the days are warmer, with temperatures that oscillate between 19 and 21 ºC, and the nights are not as cold as in dry season. However, visiting Machu Picchu in the rainy season has its advantages and the worst that can happen during this time is getting wet with the rain.
At this time there is little influx of visitors due to the rain and how slippery the road could be, it is not advisable but not impossible to make the tour to Machu Picchu and all the other routes (Inca Trail, Salkantay Trek, Choquequirao Trek, Inca Jungle Tour, Lares Trek) that lead to this citadel.
What to wear at this time?
If you visit the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu during this time do not forget to pack waterproof clothing, an umbrella and shoes that allow you to walk safely on wet and slippery surfaces.
In case you want to ascend Huayna Picchu Mountain during this time, we recommend you choose the second group (entrance from 10:00 to 11:00). Because, during the rainy season, Machu Picchu usually dawn covered with clouds and with little visibility, during the visit in the second group the clouds dissipate in the course of the morning.
- The dry season goes from April to September, the days become clear with a radiant sun and a unique blue sky, temperatures rise to 25 ° C during the day, but go down to 0 ° C during the early hours, especially in In the months of June and July, the rains are sporadic, but always present, it is the best time to visit Machu Picchu.
In this season the days are sunny and the flora is presented in all its splendor, this thanks to the abundance of insects. It should be noted that this is also the coldest time, especially in the months of June and July, when temperatures drop to -2 ° C. The month of September gives you the opportunity to visit Machu Picchu in spring, during this time especially, the weather is wonderful, the landscapes are greener, there are fewer people and everything is cheaper; In addition, the weather will allow you to take all the photos you want from Machu Picchu. This is one of the best times to ascend to some of the Machu Picchu mountains.
This is the most recommended time to make the Machu Picchu tour, since the access will be much more accessible and also all the other routes (Inca Trail, Salkantay Trek, Choquequirao Trek, Inca Jungle Tour, Lares Trek) leading to this citadel.
What to wear at this time?
If you plan to visit the Inca citadel during this time you have to know that the season requires visitors to bring sun protection (hat, sunscreen, sunglasses), repellent and plenty of water. The nights are cold, so you should bring warm clothes.
When to go?
This question clearly can only be answered by yourself, only you can choose when to go to the wonderful Inca city of Machu Picchu. The climate in Machu Picchu and Cusco is visibly marked by 2 seasons or seasons; the rainy season and the dry season. Regardless of when you decide to visit the Inca city, you must bring waterproof clothing because, regardless of the season, the rains may fall at any time of the year.